Off Grid Living In Prince Edward Island ( Million Acre Farm )

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Prince Edward Island is located in the eastern part of Canada, right next to Nova Scotia and New Brunswick. Prince Edward Island is the smallest province of Canada and the one with the highest population density. Most of Canada’s provinces are fairly large and a big part of them is untouched wilderness, although Prince Edward Island has some wilderness but most of the island is dominated by cities, towns, and a lot of farms.

Living off the grid is legally permitted in Prince Edward Island, and many local communities embrace this lifestyle. The government provides notable incentive programs to support off-grid living, although specific criteria may apply. While homeschooling regulations are relatively lenient, some concerns exist regarding the level of oversight and accountability.

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Living off the grid in Prince Edward Island is completely different from any other province in the country, in fact, it resembles a lot to a state like Kentucky. This province is considered a rural province, this is mostly due to the high population density in such a small province. Currently, the population of Prince Edward Island is around 157k people, and this province doesn’t have any cities with over 100k residents.

The biggest cities in Prince Edward Island are Charlottetown with a 36k population, followed by Summerside with 15k, Stratford 10k, Cornwall 5.5k, and Three Rivers with 4.5k residents. Around 100 years ago this island was a very popular luxury retreat for wealthy people from around the world. The UK government gave free lands to wealthy people in the form of a lottery, a lot of the winners moved to this province and this has led to a significant increase in the local economy and population.

The entire province has a rural feel to it, and from an off grid living perspective, this island has everything you need, although the cost of living might be a little bit higher than in the neighboring provinces. If you want to compare this province to its southern neighbor then check out my recent article Off grid living in Nova Scotia ( The Sea Bound Coast ).

Off Grid Living In Prince Edward Island

Prince Edward Island, located on the eastern coast of Canada, offers a captivating setting for those seeking an off-grid lifestyle. With its serene landscapes, pristine shorelines, and strong sense of community, this picturesque island is an ideal destination for individuals looking to disconnect from the grid and embrace a self-sustaining way of life. Off-grid living in Prince Edward Island is characterized by harnessing renewable energy sources such as solar power and wind turbines, implementing rainwater collection systems, and cultivating thriving gardens for food production.

The island’s fertile soil and favorable climate create favorable conditions for sustainable agriculture, allowing residents to grow their own organic produce and practice homesteading. Additionally, the close-knit island community fosters a spirit of self-reliance and cooperation, providing support and camaraderie for those on the off-grid journey.


Prince Edward Island has a maritime climate, summers are mild and the winters are usually below-freezing and cold. The average summer temperatures are around 67 °F ( 19 °C ) and the average winter temperatures are around 19 °F ( -7 °C ). The maritime climate tends to be fairly humid, which means frequent rains during the summer and frequent snow during the wintertime. In addition to this, the high humidity is also prone to forming black ice on the roads. If you want to compare this province to a state then check out my recent article Off grid living in New Mexico ( Land of Enchantment ).

Types Of Crops That Can Be Grown

Prince Edward Island has a favorable climate for growing several crops like potatoes, corn, barley, oats, soybeans, blueberries, cranberries, strawberries, haskap, apples, and different types of vegetables. The most commonly grown livestock are poultry, hogs, cattle for beef, and dairy products. You will notice some areas with greenhouses but for the most commonly grown crops, you don’t need to set up a greenhouse. If you want to take a look at PEI’s western neighbor then check out my recent article Off grid living in New Brunswick ( The Picture Province ).

Freshwater Availability

Prince Edward Island has plenty of freshwaters, the average yearly rainfall is around 35″ ( 890 mm ) and the average yearly snowfall is around 114″ ( 290 cm). Even though this province is the smallest one in the country, it still has several rivers and lakes.


Most of the wildlife in Prince Edward Island are birds, which often nest every year on this island for thousands of years. The most common animals on the island are beavers, snow hares, foxes, raccoons, coyotes, minks, Canadian geese, ducks, and the occasional wild hogs. There are a lot of different types of both freshwater and saltwater fish like brook trout, rainbow trout, brown trout, Atlantic salmon, striped bass, Atlantic cod, and bluefin tuna. You will need a fishing license both for freshwater and saltwater fishing

Generating Power

  • Solar power: You will see a lot of homesteads and communities using solar panels to power their homes. This province has several solar incentive programs like the EfficiencyPEI, the Home Insulation Rebates, and the EfficiencyPEI Home Energy Low-Income Program. Basically, you can also insulate your home and set up a solar power system by only applying to one of the incentive programs. In addition to this, you can also apply for the Solar Cash Incentive program, which you can apply on top of a rebate.
  • Wind power: The maritime climate is excellent for generating power with wind turbines, although there are not that common on the island as the local authorities mostly focus on offering solar power incentives.

Off Grid Laws

Living off the grid in Prince Edward Island is legal, and there are a lot of smaller communities that live off the grid. The local authorities also help with generous incentive programs although certain conditions do apply. The homeschooling laws are fairly relaxed, some would say they are way too relaxed as they do not have any oversight.

Road Access

Due to the relatively small size of Prince Edward Island, this province doesn’t have any problems with road access. It has roads all across the islands and trails formed on the old railways, although during the wintertime you will have to drive carefully as the high humidity can form ice in certain areas.

Price Of Land

The price of land is above the national average, although this is a truly unique place in Canada, no other province can compare with it. In the past, it was considered a luxury retreat and in some areas, it still has this status, so if you want to buy a piece of land or property then you should probably avoid these areas.

Cost Of Living

The cost of living is also slightly higher than the national average, this province doesn’t have any road access to the neighboring provinces as it is an island, which will add up to the cost of living as everything has to be either shipped in or flown in. The good news is that the cost of living isn’t increased by that much like in some of the northern provinces where some communities have to wait weeks for supplies.


The unemployment rate in Prince Edward Island is around 7-8%, this number tends to fluctuate a lot mostly because of the seasonal workers in the agriculture industry. The minimum wage is $12.85 which is significantly higher than in the neighboring provinces. The biggest industries are agriculture, commercial fishing, aerospace manufacturing, healthcare, renewable energy, and tourism.

Natural Disasters

The most common natural disasters in this province are floods, storms, blizzards, and hurricanes. Overall Prince Edward Island is a fairly safe province, although during the wintertime some of the blizzards tend to last quite a bit.

Key Takeaways

  • Prince Edward Island offers a favorable environment for off-grid living due to its relatively affordable cost of living, including housing and utilities.
  • The island’s natural resources, such as fertile land and access to water, make it conducive to self-sustaining lifestyles.
  • However, it’s important to consider factors like limited job opportunities, a seasonal economy, and potential isolation from larger cities when planning for off-grid living in Prince Edward Island.